详析加拿大入籍流程
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刘思宇

详析加拿大入籍流程

2019-06-14...

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加拿大入籍的条件要求和流程

入籍意味着获得他国护照,至于能否保留中国护照要看申请人的意愿和两国的国籍法律规定,中国不承认双重国籍,加拿大承双重国籍。




入籍加拿大,总共分六步

  1. 成为 PR
  2. 满足居住时间
  3. 依法纳税
  4. 语言测试合格
  5. 入籍考试合格
  6. 宣誓入籍


加拿大入籍的条件和要求


一 满足是加拿大永久居民身份 PR 




通俗点说就是要向入籍加拿大首先得是加拿大永久居民,但在加拿大出生的除外,即首先得是加拿大 PR(Permanent Resident status) 身份。 不论你获得永居的方式是投资移民还是技术移民,亦或者是雇主担保或 PNP 者省提名,再或者魁北克甄选移民等


二 在加拿大的居住时间 Time you have lived in Canada




根据加拿大移民法案中入籍的规定: Regardless of your age, you must have been physically present in Canada for at least: 1095 days during the five years right before the date you sign your application 不管申请人的年龄是多少?在递交申请前的 5 年时间之内申请人必须身在加拿大的时间不短于 1095 天,即 5 年内住满 3 年。 当然,这个居住时间不仅包含了 PR 阶段的居住时间,如果申请人之前以非移民身份的

  1. Visitor 旅游访问签证
  2. Student 学生签证
  3. worker or 工作签证
  4. temporary resident permit holder 临时居住许可 
  • 上述非移民身份的居住时间仍然是可以被计算在满足入籍的居住时间之内的。


三 收入税的要求 Income tax filing




根据加拿大移民法规定: Regardless of your age, if required under the Income Tax Act, you must meet your personal income tax filing obligations in three tax years that are fully or partially within the five years right before the date you apply. 即不管申请人的年龄 , 在递交申请的 5 年之内,如果需要在所得税法下 , 你必须符合你的个人所得税申报的 3 年税收义务全部或部分。

俗话说中国人习惯于在加拿大养老享受,所以忽略了作为 PR 的交税义务,导致有些人的入籍申请被退回,而且因为没有纳税的记录,连永居也给取消了,得不偿失。


四 语言测试 Language abilities




加拿大入籍考试语言中有英语和法语两种,为了入籍做考虑申请人必须展示自己有听说的能力。 Canada has two official languages: English and French. To become a citizen, you must show that you can speak and listen in one of these languages. This means you can: 

  • 即日常对话交流; take part in short, everyday conversations about common topics 
  • 理解明白最基本的介绍,提问,和方向; understand simple instructions, questions and directions
  • 利用最基本的语法包括简单的结构和时态; use basic grammar, including simple structures and tenses
  • 需要了解足够的常用词汇和短语回答问题和表达自己的想法。 show you know enough common words and phrases to answer questions and express yourself 。


18-54 岁之间的申请人需要展示或者证明自己的语言能力; If you are 18 to 54 years old, you must submit proof that demonstrates you can speak and listen in English or French at this level. Find out what examples you can send with your application.

18 岁以下申请入籍的则无需满足语言要求; Note: Applicants under 18 years of age applying under the subsection 5(1) or 5(2) grant category do not have to meet the language requirement.

入籍的考官将决定你如何在面试用英语或法语交流。入籍的考官将最终决定您的申请是否通过。 Citizenship staff will decide how well you can communicate in English or French during your interview. A citizenship officer will make the final decision on your application.


五 关于加拿大的常识考试,即你了解加拿大吗?




How well you know Canada 成为加拿大公民需要参加入籍考试,申请人需要了解知悉关于加拿大的:价值,历史,代表元素符号,政府机构,权利义务以及其他公民的权利 , 责任和特权 , 比如投票选举和遵守法律。 To become a citizen, you ‘ ll need to take a test to meet the knowledge requirement for citizenship. You ’ ll need to answer questions about Canada ’ s:

  • values

  • history

  • symbols

  • institutions

  • rights, responsibilities and privileges of citizenship, such as voting in elections and obeying the law

测试可以用英语和法语作答,依据《发现加拿大学习指南》作答,通常在一份书面格式 , 除非你需要口头入籍考试官,考试时申请者满足 18 岁到 54 岁之间,不满 18 周岁免除试。

如果考试者需要住宿,加拿大政府也可以安排,所有关于考试的内容都出自于 Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship 

 The tests are:

  • in English or French
  • made up of questions based on the Discover Canada study guide
  • usually in a written format, unless you need to take it orally with a citizenship officer
  • given to applicants 18 to 54 years old.

Note: Applicants under 18 years of age applying under the 5(1) and 5(2) grant category do not have to meet the knowledge requirement. If you need any accommodations to take the test, let us know as soon as possible. Everything you need to know for the test is in Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship.


六 宣誓入籍了 Prohibitions




无论在加拿大国内还是国外犯罪者是无法入籍的,此种情况包括:

  • 在加拿大境外服刑;
  • 在加拿大服务期限监禁 , 假释或缓刑;
  • 被指控受审 , 或参与上诉:

a. 犯有在加拿大公诉罪行; b. 加拿大外犯罪以的;

  • 已被定罪的四年之前的申请国籍的 :

a. 犯有在加拿大公诉罪行; b. 加拿大外犯罪以的;

特别提示:服刑期间的监禁 , 假释或缓刑不算随着时间你住在加拿大。

If you have committed a crime in or outside Canada, you may not be eligible to become a Canadian citizen for a period of time. This includes if you:

  • are serving a sentence outside Canada

  • are serving a term of imprisonment, on parole or on probation in Canada

  • are charged with, on trial for, or involved in an of an:

  1. indictable offence in Canada
  2. offence outside Canada
  • have been convicted in the four years before applying for citizenship of an:

  1. indictable offence in Canada
  2. offence outside Canada

Time spent serving a term of imprisonment, on parole, or on probation doesn’t count as time you have lived in Canada. 


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